What are some common hair loss conditions?
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that affects millions. It happens when your immune system mistakenly attacks the normal cells that make up your hair follicles. This condition often occurs in multiple family members, suggesting genetics may play a part.
Traction alopecia is caused by damage to your hair follicles from constant pulling or tension over a long period of time. It usually results from wearing tight hairstyles such as ponytails, weaves or braids. Traction alopecia may also occur from cosmetic procedures that create tension around the hairline, such as a facelift.
Cicatricial alopecia is also known as scarring alopecia. This condition refers to a group of rare disorders that destroy your hair follicles and replace them with scar tissue, eventually causing permanent hair loss.
What else can cause Hair Loss?
Other types of hair loss can be attributed to an increase in stress, changing hormones, disease, poor nutrition, or even certain medications. Often these triggers will lead to a more sudden loss of hair.
- Medical conditions such as thyroid disease, lupus and anemia are often primary causes of hair loss.
- Cancer treatment, including radiation and chemotherapy, may result in hair loss.
- Major illness can also cause hair loss. Surgery, severe infections, influenza, and even a high fever can be triggers.
- Trichotillomania is a psychological disorder that compels people to repetitively pull out their own hair, leading to the development of bald patches.
Many types of prescription drugs can cause hair loss including:
- Acne medicines that contain high doses of vitamin A (retinoids)
- Blood thinners and anticlotting drugs
- Anticonvulsants (epilepsy medication)
- High blood pressure medicines and diuretics
- Immune-suppressing medications
- Weight loss drugs
Hormones & Stress
- Traumatic events like a divorce, losing a loved one or surviving a bad accident, increase stress levels, which can trigger hair loss.
- Menopause is a common cause of hair loss due to significant changes in hormones.
- Giving birth may cause a conspicuous amount of hair loss because of decreasing estrogen levels.
Poor Diet & Nutrition
Eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia can lead to hair loss. Other diet-related causes include:
- Iron deficiency
- Significant weight loss
- Insufficient protein levels
What Can I Do About My Hair Loss?
No matter the reason for your hair loss, facing this issue can be devastating. Know that you are not alone and you have options.
For more information on the causes of hair loss watch our "Hair Loss 101" video.